The Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP): A Pillar of Local Governance

The Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP), known as Federación Española de Municipios y Provincias in Spanish, is a vital organization within Spain’s political landscape. Established to represent and support local governments, the FEMP plays a significant role in promoting the interests of municipalities and provinces across the country. This article will delve into the genesis, history, structure, and goals of the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces.

Genesis and Historical Background

The FEMP was officially founded in 1980, although its roots can be traced back to the early 20th century when Spanish local governments began to seek a collective voice to address their shared concerns and challenges. However, it was during the transition to democracy in the late 1970s and early 1980s that the FEMP gained its current form and recognition. As Spain transitioned from dictatorship to democracy, the need for a strong association of local governments became apparent, as decentralization and local autonomy were key principles in the new democratic constitution.


The FEMP operates as a voluntary association, composed of both municipalities and provinces from across Spain. Its structure is designed to ensure the representation of various interests and regional differences. At its core, the FEMP is made up of the General Assembly, the Governing Board, and the President.

  1. General Assembly: The General Assembly is the highest decision-making body of the FEMP, where member municipalities and provinces come together to discuss and vote on important matters. Each municipality and province is entitled to send delegates to the assembly, with larger municipalities having a proportionally greater number of representatives. This ensures that both small and large communities have a voice in the organization’s decisions.
  2. Governing Board: The Governing Board is responsible for the day-to-day management of the FEMP. It is composed of elected representatives from member municipalities and provinces, including the President and Vice Presidents. The board’s primary function is to implement the decisions of the General Assembly and oversee the organization’s activities.
  3. President: The President of the FEMP is elected by the General Assembly and serves as the organization’s spokesperson and representative. The President plays a crucial role in advocating for the interests of municipalities and provinces at the national level.

Goals and Objectives

The FEMP has several key goals and objectives that guide its work:

  1. Advocating for Local Autonomy: One of the FEMP’s primary objectives is to safeguard and promote the principles of local autonomy and decentralization. It works to ensure that local governments have the necessary powers and resources to effectively manage their communities.
  2. Providing Support and Resources: The FEMP offers technical assistance, training, and resources to its member municipalities and provinces. This support helps local governments improve their governance and service delivery.
  3. Representing Municipal Interests: The FEMP serves as a strong advocate for the interests of municipalities and provinces in Spain. It engages with the national government and other stakeholders to influence policies and legislation that impact local governance.
  4. Fostering Cooperation: The FEMP encourages collaboration and cooperation among local governments, both within Spain and internationally. This includes sharing best practices, exchanging knowledge, and promoting solidarity among municipalities and provinces.
  5. Promoting Sustainable Development: The FEMP is committed to promoting sustainable development at the local level. It works on initiatives related to environmental conservation, social inclusion, economic development, and more.


The Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP) is a vital organization that plays a pivotal role in the governance of Spain. With its roots dating back to the early 20th century, it has evolved to become a powerful advocate for the interests of municipalities and provinces across the country. Through its structure, the FEMP ensures that local governments of all sizes have a voice in shaping policies and decisions that affect their communities. Its goals and objectives reflect a commitment to local autonomy, cooperation, and sustainable development, making it an essential partner in Spain’s democratic system.

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